The number of hacker attacks on government agencies of the Russian Federation has increased three-fold compared with last year. What are the steps in this area takes the FSB why Russia United Center cyber security and what punishment awaits hackers for causing harm to the country’s infrastructure.
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Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said at the retreat in the Urals Federal District to increase threefold the number of cyber attacks on Russian state structure in 2016 compared to 2015 m.
“Throughout the country last year, identified and neutralized more than 52.5 million computer attacks. For comparison, in 2015 there were 14.4 million “, – Patrushev said.
Secretary of the Security Council noted the lack of protection of Russian state system from hacker attacks, as evidenced by the number of information crimes.
According to him, the authorities of the State resources are constantly exposed to destructive external influence by hackers who want to destabilize the Russian segment of the Internet, as well as information, which is in limited access.
Previously, such a statement on the board of the Federal Security Service (FSB), made by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who also said that the number of cyber attacks on official government resources in the past year tripled.
At the end of 2016 several major Russian banks – Sberbank, Rosbank, Alfa-Bank, Bank of Moscow and others – were subjected to large-scale DDoS attacks. Then the representative of the Savings Bank said that the attacks were organized botnets, including tens of thousands of machines, located in different countries.
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Deputy Director of the Federal Security Service, Dmitry Schalke in an interview to “Interfax” reported that “all the attacks were neutralized by experts on information security of financial institutions in cooperation with the FSB.”
“The analysis shows that the number of phishing attacks to official Russian information resources is growing steadily. In 2016, they were more than 70 million “, – said Schalke.
In connection with the November events Center for monitoring and responding to computer attacks in the credit and financial sphere (FinTsERT) Central Bank sent to Russian financial institutions recommendations to combat possible hacker attacks.
In addition, the FSB joined forces with the Ministry of Communications of Russia in the field of combating cybercrime in the financial sector. Both agencies sent special instructions to operators, which talked about the urgent measures to prevent such attacks.
Countering cyber attacks and the development of modern means of protection against them is acute on the political agenda. In November 2016, Putin pointed to the Security Council on the need to improve the mechanisms for combating attacks on the Russian financial infrastructure.
In this regard, InfoWatch CEO Natalya Kaspersky has proposed to create a unified cyber security center, which will unite the smaller and fragmented structures to stand together against crimes by hackers.
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She also noted the importance of the appearance of the legal framework on this issue.
“We must start all the same with the creation of a legal framework, because we have a concept of” cyber threats “generally not recorded in legal documents”, – said Kaspersky.
In this regard, important steps have already been taken – from December 5, 2016 came into force an updated doctrine Russian information security. Adviser to the President on the internet German Klimenko said that this doctrine clearly describes all the challenges encountered by the State, and outlines ways to solve problems.
According to the document, the main tasks of ensuring the information security of Russia became strategic deterrence and prevention of military conflicts that may arise on the background of the use of technology, as well as resistance to the effects of information aimed at undermining the country’s patriotic traditions.
A few days after the approval of an updated doctrine of the State Duma introduced a bill toughening penalties for creating and distributing malware to cyber attacks.
The package of bills aimed at ensuring the security of critical information infrastructure (CAI) Russia, was adopted by a meeting of the State Duma in the first reading of 27 January 2017. Now, hackers could face up to 10 years in prison.